We are the nation's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a strong voice on Capitol Hill. Additionally, New York state data are used in this report by the Fiscal Policy Institute. In March, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued guidance on the essential critical infrastructure workforce, which at least 20 states have adopted outright. This sector has also played a vital role during the pandemic response, as well as in ongoing recovery and relief operations underway in states. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, states have engaged in a delicate balancing act of opening their economies while simultaneously protecting public health since the first phase of stay-ay-home orders last spring. From keeping grocery store shelves stocked to delivering consumer goods, many occupations within retail are deemed essential due to the role they play in maintaining everything from food to personal security. h�b```�O�9B cc`a�h�QhQ�p� The median retail worker age is 40, with 28% of workers reporting educational attainment beyond a high school diploma. Courses are offered in select programs for the Fall 2020 and Spring 2021 semesters only. What that means, in particular, is that the transportation sector is designed to support the safe and efficient movement of people, goods and products for business and pleasure. Sector Index: 1. Even when disruptions in the supply chain do occur, this sector must respond, adapt and adjust accordingly. At least two states are offering financial assistance to pay for child care for essential workers. For the 20 states deferring to CISA’s guidelines, a wide range of trades are considered essential, Including those supporting the construction, maintenance or rehabilitation of several sectors, from energy to public works and infrastructure to communications. State & Local COVID-19 Update for January 14, 2021 (current as of 7:00 p.m. CST) Arizona: (Maricopa & Pima Counties): Starting January 11, Maricopa County will open vaccination scheduling at Point of Dispensing sites for Phase 1B prioritized individuals who can be vaccinated. ACR 168 (pending) would urge the federal government to extend the deadline for the full implementation of REAL ID provisions set to take effect on Oct. 1, 2020. At least two states—Hawaii and New York—have so far approved legislation. Since the majority of retail occupations cannot be done remotely, many essential retail employees have continued carrying out their work in person. These essential but undervalued jobs—held by a disproportionate number of Black workers, especially Black women—often pay poverty wages and offer few, if … Food and Agriculture. The vehicle would be required to have a decal and the gross weight of such vehicle could not exceed 80,000 pounds. In some frontline industries, black workers … Nurses, janitors, grocery clerks, childcare staff, bus and truck drivers. Everything you need to know about COVID-19 in Massachusetts. At least 20 states have adopted federal guidance from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency on essential workers. Legislatures around the country reacted fast to discuss and help tackle some of the, NCSL staff examines how states, localities and the private sector are getting creative by using drones for pandemic response in a new. COVID-19 Vaccine Prioritization for Frontline and Essential Workers. SB 8176 (pending) would authorize the state Thruway Authority to eliminate all tolls for trucks and delivery vehicles transporting essential supplies, including medicine, medical supplies, cleaning products, food, beverages and construction equipment. Workers providing COVID-19 testing; Workers that perform critical clinical research needed for COVID-19 response This website uses cookies to analyze traffic and for other purposes. Critical infrastructure is a large, umbrella term encompassing sectors from energy to defense to agriculture. For example: A search of legislation addressing transportation and COVID-19 revealed that at least six states—Hawaii, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania—and Puerto Rico have introduced 19 pieces of legislation. 7700 East First Place In accordance with this Proclamation, the Governor has designated the following list of“Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers” to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. Table 1 shows the number of workers in six groups of frontline industries and the characteristics of the workforce in each of these industry groups. And, in Wisconsin, the governor recently proposed to set aside $100 million to offset costs associated with temporarily shutting down the construction industry. Table 2 shows the demographics of essential workers by industry, including gender, education level, and race and ethnicity.. Women make up the majority of essential workers in health care (76%) and government and community-based services (73%). One commonality between the state plans is that health care workers, long-term care residents, and teachers and childcare workers are among the first to be prioritized in vaccine distribution. Additionally, such assistance would include grants for loss of revenue, unexpected expenses, joint procurements and loss of other financial aid due to COVID-19. An accompanying spreadsheet provides state-level versions of Table 1. Another 21 states and Washington, D.C., have developed their own definitions for essential workers. In response, some states are taking extra steps to help food service workers who may have lost their jobs and those who have been able to continue to work. For agriculture and food production workers who have continued to work during the pandemic, health has been a top concern as facilities figure out how to adapt processes to protect workers. Men make up the vast majority of essential workers in the energy sector (96%), water and wastewater … New York City’s Frontline Workers Frontline workers have always been the lifeblood of our city. An individual that quits work for an essential employer maintaining a worksite that does meet guidelines published by the U.S. Department of Labor and Washington State Department of Health. Colorado, for example, refers to construction and skilled trades broadly, but only gives a few examples and relies heavily on “including but not limited to” language. According to the DHS and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this sector lends support to emergency managers, local governments, heads of transit authorities, federal law enforcement and local first responders, as well as long-haul truck drivers, maritime pilots, aviation and rail workers and rideshare and taxicab drivers. Between the federal guidelines and state essential worker orders, a number of major sectors overlap including, but not limited to: Energy. HF 976 (failed) and SF 3255 (failed) would have required a school bus driver to activate the prewarning flashing amber signals or flashing red signals and the stop arm signal when the bus was stopped to deliver goods, schoolwork, supplies or other items for students during the pandemic. Essential workers are required, to the extent possible, to avoid extended periods in public, contact with strangers, and large congregate settings. AB 10347 (pending) would create a tax deduction of up to $5,000 for the transportation and personal protective equipment expenses of health care professionals and emergency medical technicians. Such vendors would also be required to maintain the same number of employees they employed before the pandemic. Every single day, crisis or no crisis, these are the essential workers in our city, our economy, and our society. The energy sector also contributes substantially to the economic prosperity of the country, and employed around 6.8 million Americans—making up around 4.5% of the nation’s total workforce—as of 2019. The agriculture and food service sectors encompass a wide range of activities, including animal and crop production, manufacturing of food products, support services such as testing and inspections, and restaurants and retail sales. In accordance with this order, the State Public Health Officer has designated the following list of Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) job outlook data projects that the demand for workers in agriculture will remain steady from 2018 to 2020. Often using CISA’s guidelines as a starting point, states have added and subtracted essential worker categories and sectors based on what makes the most sense for them. Critical retail (i.e. Denver, CO 80230 Workers deemed essential in Kansas, from first responders to food service employees, can apply to have their COVID-19 health care expenses covered by state … In addition to the DHS guidance, energy industry representatives and federal government officials have been vocal in advocating for the inclusion of energy workers in state designations. Table 1 shows the number of workers in six groups of frontline industries and the characteristics of the workforce in each of these industry groups. DES MOINES, Iowa– According to Commercial Cafe 46% or employees work at essential businesses in Des Moines. While President Donald Trump signed an executive order at the end of April designating meat processing plants, for example, as essential infrastructure, some states have been simultaneously grappling with COVID-19 outbreaks at these processing facilities. In accordance with this Proclamation, the Governor has designated the following list of“Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers” to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. HB 1498 (pending) would exempt persons providing essential goods and services to hospitals. The predominately female (94%) early care and education workforce is more racially and linguistically diverse than K-12 teachers. An accompanying spreadsheet provides state-level versions of Table 1. Workers supporting public and private childcare establishments, licensed pre-K establishments, K-12 schools, colleges, and universities for purposes of distance learning, or the provision of school meals, or child care for the children of essential workers across all sectors and for uniquely vulnerable children. HB 1788 (pending) would allow a vehicle operating on behalf of a perishable medical supply dealer who is hauling supplies to or from a manufacturing plant to operate on highways 24 hours a day, seven days a week. For many workers, local and state “stay-in-place” warnings are of concern to workers. At this point, 46 states and Washington, DC have issued some sort of guidance on which sectors and industries they consider “essential” despite pandemic-related restrictions. Just some of the professions that can be considered a part of this sector include electricians, plumbers, HVAC technicians, wastewater treatment plant operators, exterminators and many others. Of the 42 states, the District of Columbia (D.C.), Guam, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands that have adopted guidance on who is considered an “essential worker,” the general elements included in the definition of “transportation and logistics” include airlines, railroads, taxis, private transportation providers and public and private mail and shipping services. That's approximately 232 public employees for … Food service, eating and drinking establishments accounted for 6.4% of employment and food and beverage stores supported 1.6% of the workforce. SF 4450 (failed) would have urged the federal government to extend the deadline for the full implementation of REAL ID provisions set to take effect on Oct. 1, 2020. For agriculture workers and those on the production side of the food system, this meant continuing to work to feed the country. Additionally, the bill would have extended the vehicle registration expiration period for registrations expired on Feb. 29, 2020, during the pandemic or any day of the month in which the peacetime public health emergency period terminates. Under Governor Ige’s emergency proclamation, all travelers entering the State of Hawaiʻi must self-quarantine for 10 days, unless they obtain an exemption. These include, but are not necessarily limited to, plumbers, electricians, exterminators, cleaning and janitorial staff, and security workers. The states with the highest percentage of essential workers in their labor force include Washington, D.C. (74.93%), North Dakota (57.20%), Wyoming (53.46%), Indiana (51.80%), and Kentucky (51.26%). Nationally, state and local governments employed about 7.4 million full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in 2014. Colorado and at least six other states deemed medical and/or recreational cannabis dispensaries essential. The National Academy for State Health Policy released a guide to how each state defines their phases and which essential workers are prioritized. Workers in the following settings have most commonly been deemed essential across the states: grocery stores, pharmacies, medical supply stores, convenience stores, pet stores, hardware stores, office supply stores and liquor stores. The interactive map allows users to click on a green state to see the state guidance on essential workers. Since the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, these workers have continued to carry out essential activities. According to the U..S Department of Homeland Security, essential workers are those who conduct a range of operations and services that are typically essential to continue critical infrastructure operations. At least 19 states have adopted the DHS guidelines—either as a ceiling or a floor. Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council: National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners: American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers: Workers supporting groceries, pharmacies, convenience stores and other retail (including unattended and vending) that sell human food, animal and pet food and pet supply, and beverage products. Empire State Development has a long list of industries and occupations that are considered to be "essential," and exempt from the mandate that all employees stay at home. Others, such as the limited number of qualified control room operators, work in small teams that manage the safe and reliably flow of gas and power across vast networks. Illinois has taken a slightly different approach in that the state specifically lists some examples of what it considers critical trades in its essential worker order. Many large organizations are issuing “Essential Worker” letters for staff members to provide to law enforcement in just such an instance. Their working conditions vary by setting and do not necessarily include benefits that are typically available to educators of older children, such as paid time for planning and professional development, retirement and health insurance. Most states ended up requiring restaurants to close in-person dining for a period of time, resulting in many food service workers losing their jobs even if restaurants stayed open for takeout-only service. The essential essentials. Nationally, state and local governments employed about 7.4 million full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in 2014. Many states—through executive orders, legislation or other action—adopted the DHS definitions and its energy sector profile outright. Energy can be split broadly into three subsectors: electricity, natural gas and petroleum—all three of which fuel the nation’s transportation and manufacturing, and power everything from health care and government institutions to individual homes and businesses. The economy is heavily reliant on trade and travel occurring throughout the nation. This guidance is issued by the New York State Department of Economic Development d/b/a Empire State Development and applies to each business location individually and is intended to assist businesses in determining whether they are an essential business and steps to … Finally, at nuclear plants across the country, workers are completing refueling outages, where the reactors are shut down for two to four weeks while new fuel is put into the reactor. Workers that perform critical clinical research … SB 7508 (enacted) provided the state’s fiscal year 2021 budget and included provisions allowing the state to borrow up to $10 billion to provide the spending flexibility required for the programs and capital plan. This proposal was not enacted into law. Reynolds said Iowa will rely on the U.S Department of Homeland Security’s list of essential industries. States forming their own essential worker designations largely adhered to CISA’s guidelines, but tended to be a bit more specific in listing the particular activities they considered essential. All states with available guidance have deemed occupations within the retail sector essential. The agency says, “promoting the ability of [critical workers] to continue to work during periods of community restriction, access management, social distancing or closure orders is crucial to community resilience and the continuity of essential functions.”. The energy sector is made up of several interdependent systems that provide services that are vital to the nation’s health, safety and security. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency: American Public Transportation Association: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials: American Road and Transportation Builders Association: National Association of City Transportation Officials. The retail workforce consists primarily of full-time employees (roughly two-thirds of the labor force) who work for companies with more than 1,000 employees. The average wage for early care and education professionals is less than $11 an hour, or just over $22,000 per year. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 11% of U.S. employees work in agriculture and its related industries. Similarly, Alabama simply refers to any workers in “construction or construction-related services,” as essential. Nonprofits and social service organizations. SB 75 (to governor) would appropriate $14 million to the state Department of Transportation for outbreak control, contact tracing and personal protective equipment. They were forced to stay home when Gov. The guidance outlines the following retail workers, among others, as essential: The critical trades sector is composed of professionals trained in any number of key services that are critical to keeping homes, offices and other buildings operating. The personnel comprising this sector come from public, private and industry organizations. Restaurant carry-out and quick-serve food operations, including dark kitchen and food prep centers, carry-out and delivery food workers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) provides recommendations for who will receive the COVID-19 vaccine while there are limited doses, taking into consideration the vaccine’s physical effect on different age groups, ethnicities and people with underlying medical conditions. Many states have classified these suppliers of essential businesses as “essential.”, emphasis has been particularly on “mission-essential workers”, COVID-19: Critical Energy Infrastructure Webinar, two weeks of supplemental paid sick leave. CISA’s guidelines, as well as many of the states who have adopted their own, consider workers in these trades “critical infrastructure workers,” and recognize the work they perform as “necessary to sustain and protect life.” While many workers have been teleworking from home, critical tradespeople have been working to keep office buildings operating. Reynolds said Iowa will rely on the U.S Department of Homeland Security’s list of essential industries. Workers supporting groceries, pharmacies and other retail that sells food and … All workers who are part of the 2.1 million farms, 935,000 restaurants and more than 200,000 registered food manufacturing, processing and storage facilities are considered essential by the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). HB 2400 (pending) would direct the secretary of Community and Economic Development to issue a waiver to the governor’s COVID-19 order to all public and private construction activities if social distancing and other mitigation measures by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are followed. 1921 0 obj <> endobj In 2018, direct on-farm employment accounted for 1.3% of U.S. employment and food and beverage manufacturing made up 1% of U.S. jobs. The fuel must be replaced every 18 to 24 months, and typically is scheduled in the spring or fall when electricity demand is the lowest. Workers providing COVID-19 testing. Essential workers are required, to the extent possible, to avoid extended periods in public, contact with strangers, and large congregate settings. DES MOINES, Iowa– According to Commercial Cafe 46% or employees work at essential businesses in Des Moines. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, prioritizing frontline and essential workers. Parents and employers rely on child care to allow them to work and conduct business resulting in an estimated economic impact of over $99 billion in revenue and spillover to other industries. Critical trades (construction workers, electricians, plumbers, etc.). During Tuesday’s press conference Gov. While salespersons, cashiers, stock clerks and first-line supervisors in brick-and-mortar stores are primary examples of retail workers, those involved in the facilitation and execution of e-commerce, such as delivery drivers and warehouse packers, are a growing segment of the sector’s workforce. Nurses, janitors, grocery clerks, childcare staff, bus and truck drivers. Long Term – for essential workers traveling to New York State for a period of greater than 36 hours, requiring them to stay several days. h�bbd```b``y"_�H� �u)��) �) R9�RDrE�ȹg�$c�E��D2��A�2u`�6 �� The bills primarily focused on pandemic response and relief efforts, essential workers and allocating resources. The CityTestSF sites will provide expanded … Tel: 303-364-7700 | Fax: 303-364-7800, 444 North Capitol Street, N.W., Suite 515 Health and Public Health Sector 2. While these definitions can vary substantially, all of them include the energy sector. In accordance with this order, the State Public Health Officer has designated the following list of Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. 1941 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8F8F023B3A814F4CB639D820CEF198A5><585E441394333743A0E5CCAB620F4DF3>]/Index[1921 38]/Info 1920 0 R/Length 105/Prev 1555660/Root 1922 0 R/Size 1959/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream This would include food and water, pharmaceuticals, medicine and acute care supplies, durable medical equipment and surgical supplies and laundry and sanitary supplies. Demographically, 40% of retail workers are women, although the gender distribution varies widely by occupation within the sector. The emphasis has been particularly on “mission-essential workers”—a limited pool of highly skilled workers whose expertise has been deemed necessary to the continued reliable operation of energy systems. The governor proposed to borrow $100 million for expenses related to increased capital costs due to interruptions of work in the event construction was temporarily suspended during the pandemic. State Disability Insurance (SDI) provides short-term benefit payments to eligible workers who have a full or partial loss of wages due to a non-work-related illness, injury, or pregnancy. For example, Montana’s essential worker order listed a number of hyper-specific businesses the state considers critical to its food and agriculture systems, including production bakeries, licensed cannabis cultivators and animal feed producers. Although many early care and education professionals have extensive experience (approximately 50% have at least 13 years in the field), they generally earn very low wages. AB 10182 (pending) would extend the renewal of driver’s licenses, identification cards and inspections of motor vehicles for three months. %PDF-1.5 %���� SF 4515 (failed) and HF 4543 (failed) would have directed the Metropolitan Council to temporarily halt regular route transit in the metropolitan transit area to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus. Additionally, the BLS projected in 2018 that many of the critical trades requiring some form of formal apprenticeship training would be growing faster to much faster than average. The natural gas network, including processing plants, pipelines and compressor stations, distribution and transmission systems, reliability and control room operations and liquefied natural gas facilities. While most states have classified energy industry workers as “essential,” the industry has also sought priority access to testing and personal protective equipment for the most critical workers—though only after front-line healthcare worker needs have been satisfied. These essential but undervalued jobs—held by a disproportionate number of Black workers, especially Black women—often pay poverty wages and offer few, if … Kansas is another example of a state that went into greater detail on essential  businesses, including workers who manufacture or maintain agriculture equipment and those who manufacture or distribute agricultural supplies, such as seed or chemicals. If one member of a team is compromised, the whole team could be compromised. “Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers” to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. For restaurant and food service workers, unlike many of the other critical sectors, the essential worker designation did not necessarily mean that these workers continued their jobs as normal. SD 2922 (pending) would allow school districts to honor existing vendor contracts pertaining to school transportation, food services and other contracts deemed essential by the superintendent of schools. Essential health care operations including: Massachusetts’ guidance gets even more specific, with the state listing which “construction-related” activities it considers necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation and essential operation of residences, businesses and buildings such as hospitals. The first wave of shelter-in-place and stay-at-home orders in response to COVID-19 largely consisted of local governments asking residents of cities and counties to stay in their homes, away from their businesses. Free Online Classes for Essential Workers. In 2015, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released a “Transportation Systems Sector-Specific Plan.” This report details how the risk management framework is implemented given the unique characteristics and risk landscape of the transportation sector. Resources & hotlines Create a profile and sign-up for COVID-19 alerts by text, email, or phone call in your preferred language. Workers and firms supporting the distribution of food, feed, beverage and ingredients used in these products, including warehouse workers, vendor-managed inventory controllers and blockchain managers. The petroleum and fuel production industry, including oil and gas drilling, production, refining, transport and distribution to gas stations and industrial facilities. More specifically, beginning on Oct. 1, 2021, every air traveler 18 years of age and older will need a REAL ID-compliant credential to fly within the United States. The essential workers include a broad segment of workers who sell, produce, and distribute food and other essential products. According to BLS data, most critical trades were projected to see huge growth in the next decade, adding 7.5 million jobs across the different subsectors. endstream endobj startxref They worry they will be stopped by police officers en route to work and be sent home. The remaining 23 states (including Washington, DC) who have issued essential worker orders have developed their own lists of who needs to be continuing to work under stay-at-home orders. The bill also would require that certain drivers be provided with hand sanitizer, disposable sterile gloves, face masks and training on preventive measures. In some frontline industries, black workers are overrepresented. The statewide population of essential workers was then compared to the total number of workers in that state. 1. During Tuesday’s press conference Gov. In addition to the projected future growth, many states were already experiencing critical worker shortages in the skilled trades, pushing wages higher for potential workers in these jobs. The retail industry is the second-largest employment sector in the United States, accounting for nearly 1 in 10 of all domestic workers. 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