[1] See “Mormon Battalion Fact Sheet” at https://www.mormonnewsroom.org/additional-resource/mormon-battalion-fact-sheet. The Saints had learned only the rudimentary lessons of emigration during the famous Zion’s Camp march from Ohio to Missouri in 1834. Indeed, the service of 500 Latter-day Saint men and women in the Mormon Battalion in 1846-47 was the salvation of the Church. BYU Studies 47:2 (2008):161-165. The first, Samuel Boly, expired only twenty-eight miles from Council Bluffs. This trek is reminiscent of a 1997 wagon train that traveled from Winter Quarters, Nebraska to Salt Lake City. We, too, have the same ancestor as A Muhlestein. A few key locations and events are noted. “Our trek isn’t intended to be a completely accurate reproduction of the Mormon Battalion’s 1846 trek, Henson said. To order maps and brochures, please contact us. This road opened California to colonization by the United Statas, bringing After the page-size map was completed, I made a bookmark version. Henson used computer software to plan the route. It is my hope that my maps will also help you gain even a little more understanding and appreciation for this portion of our Church history. Pisgah, Iowa, and the destination is Los Angeles, California. Though the map I created was not used by the historic site, it stands for me as a way to honor and bless Richard and all his Battalion companions. The Jewish Gathering to Palestine, VIDEO: Accomplishing Your Righteous Goals One Small Step at a Time, Latest temple updates: 4 Pacific Area temples moving soon to Phase 3; 2 Chile temples paused, When as a Mission President, I Couldn’t Feel the Spirit. Battalion members drew their arms and accoutrements, as well as a clothing allowance of forty-two dollars, at the fort. The trail map showing the route of the Mormon Battalion. Prior to the march, East-West travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. Choose the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail and then zoom in to find the details you need for trip planning. Why Did Moroni Quote Malachi about Elijah’s Coming? The Jewish Gathering to Palestine, Latest temple updates: 4 Pacific Area temples moving soon to Phase 3; 2 Chile temples paused, VIDEO: Accomplishing Your Righteous Goals One Small Step at a Time, When as a Mission President, I Couldn’t Feel the Spirit. Home Years in the United States Years by state of the United States Years in California 1851 in California Mormon Trail Monument. To sign up for Meridian’s Free Newsletter, please CLICK HERE. That’s more than $1,100 in today’s money (sounds generous to me)! Mormon recruits were mustered on Thursday, July 16, 1846. Last updated: January 8, 2021. He wanted the volunteers to go directly to Santa Fe rather than taking the longer route via Bent’s Fort in … Within the trekkers there will be a special group of reenactors known as Cooke’s Cadre. We are thankful to them all - related or not - for their examples and faith. Mormon Battalion re-enactors marched up to the Mission San Juan Capistrano on that date — precisely 157 years after the original battalion walked up to the historic mission. This is the type of tent that will be used in this summer’s reenactment. Create a map of a 2,000-mile march through heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle. See: Sergeant Daniel Tyler, A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War 1846–1848 (1969); Philip St. George Cooke, et. Why does your red line go where it does?” Well, scholars have done most of that heavy lifting already. Once word of my plans got out, many descendants of Battalion soldiers and other interested people started asking to accompany me. Those initial dates and figures had been sourced from official Church publications (Ensign articles, institute manuals, etc. The commander of the Mormon Battalion decided to go through Tucson regardless of the wishes of the Mexican soldiers. The Mormon Battalion arrived in San Diego on January 29, 1847 after a march of some 1,900 miles from Iowa. By Kent Duryee. That money, in addition to experience, arms, and supplies received, were an important part of helping the Saints in their trek to the Salt Lake Valley. Cadre members will pitch a replica tent and will eat and sleep as a group, with meals and tents provided by trek leaders. I am so grateful this mapping process helped me learn more about the Battalion in general and my ancestor, Richard Sessions, in particular. On July 20 the battalion commenced a 180-mile march down the left bank of the Missouri for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The Mormon Battalion's only engagement of the war, the Battle of the Bulls, occurred December 11, 1846, when several of the battalion's hunters opened fire on wild cattle that had stampeded into the rear companies. After his discharge, he traveled to Salt Lake (another 1,000 miles), arriving only a few months after the first Saints arrived. The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 559 Latter-day Saint men, led by Mormon company officers commanded by regular U. Sixty miles of that famous route passed through the Panhandle. Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cooke was the Mormon Battalion commander from Santa Fe to California. Most participants will need to supply their own food, water, transportation, and tent or camper. The field of grain he planted there before going back to Winter Quarters (another 1,000 miles) was eaten by crickets. My name is Paul Hoffman. Although the Mormons had little reason to enlist – given the treatment they had received in Missouri and Illinois – it was decided it still might be advantageous to them, both as a source of income and as a sign of continuing allegiance to the United States. Mailing Address: National Trails Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail PO Box 728 Santa Fe, NM … A – We want to… Draw attention to the Mormon Battalion’s legacy using a “living history” reenactment. All soldiers, whether en route to the Salt Lake Valley via Pueblo or still in Los Angeles, were mustered out of the United States Army on 16 July 1847. Jul 22, 2014 - Mormon Battalion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia That simple visit had at least three pretty profound results: a deeper appreciation for the Battalion, a greater love for my fourth-great-grandfather Richard Sessions, and the creation of two maps to honor the Battalion and educate those who would like to learn more. It had very detailed maps to use as a basis for my map. Add your article. Under continued religious persecution, they had fled Nauvoo, Illinois, on 4 February 1846 across the Mississippi River. Their year-long enlistment included a $42 clothing ration. If you would like a copy of the bookmark version, please email him at [email protected]. Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. Some years ago I was involved in the development of a shopping center in Pollock Pines, California, a small community on Highway 50 east of Sacramento. The Saints had learned only the rudimentary lessons of emigration during the famous Zion’s Camp march from Ohio to Missouri in 1834. Formerly known as the Mormon Battalion Visitors’ Center or Mormon Battalion Historic Site at San Diego, the site was established in 2009 and opened to the public in January 2010. They camped among the PotawatomiIndians near what became Omaha, Nebraska. The Battalion blazed the trail from the Rio Grande River to the Pacific Ocean. Monday and Tuesday, July 20–21, 1846, the Mormon Battalion left Council Bluffs. Mormon recruits were mustered on Thursday, July 16, 1846. Daily news, articles, videos and podcasts sent straight to your inbox. Brigham Young saw the request as an answer to the Saints’ needs and guaranteed those who enlisted that if they were faithful, no lives would be lost to hostile action[1]. One of the best sources I found was an Ensign article from 1979 by a history professor. Complete information about the Mormon Battalion Trek, including reservation forms, lists of needed supplies and equipment and costume suggestions, can be found on the web site, www.battaliontrek.com. The battalion reached San Diego on January 29, 1847 where they were commended by their commanding officer Colonel Cooke for completing the longest infantry march in history. The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 559 Latter-day Saints men led by Mormon company officers, commanded by regular U.S. Army officers. Our living history re-enactors will dress and live like original Battalion members telling their story as we move from one campsite to the next. The Mormon Battalion March, 1846–47 By Stanley B. Kimball What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in … Although there will be a core group that will hike the entire distance, most are invited to join the trek at certain points and hike for one day, two days, a week or longer. Daily news, articles, videos and podcasts sent straight to your inbox. So for Richard, what could have been a 3-month, 1,000-mile journey to Salt Lake took 5,000 miles and more than 3 years. A – The Mormon Battalion route has been studied and portions have been hiked before, but this will be the first complete reenactment of the Battalion’s march to California. 2. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. THE MORMON BATTALION • Uniform allowance was donated to helpfinance the Mormon pioneer’s westward treks to Salt Lake valley. On July 16, 1846, 500 soldiers in the U.S. Army’s segregated Mormon Battalion set out from Iowa on what would become a six-month, 2,000-mile march to the Mission San Diego de Alcala. Auto Tour Route Driving Directions and Maps. The Mormon Battalion, the only religion-based unit in United States military history, served from July 1846 – July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. The Mormon Battalion arrived in San Diego, California on January 29, 1847 after a march of some 1,900 miles from Iowa. Roughly 500 Mormon volunteers were enlisted for a year to march to Fort Leavenworth (present-day Kansas) and then to California to assist in the Mexican-American War. the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail The Mormon Trail extends History of . The toll was ten to fifteen bulls killed, two mules gored to death, three men wounded. “Battalion Soldier” logo used with permission of the Mormon Battalion Association By Paul D Lyman and Kristin Winterton. It all started when Kevin Henson’s 11-year-old Boy Scout patrol took part in a “living history event” in Bay City, Michigan, in 2002. • Blazed “Cooke’s Wagon Road” acrossthe Southwest • Established the Southern Emigrant Trail to reach California gold country The site commemorates the march of the Mormon Battalion in 1847 as they passed through Santa Fe en route to assist the US Army in the War with Mexico. It will take the modern-day trekkers about as long as the original trek, and the planned route actually is considerably longer than the 1846 route, due to property lines and farms being in place now, versus a wide-open prairie. He was finally reunited with his wife and family a year and a half after he left. Tyler, Daniel. As was stated, he and others did remain until the contract was completed. Where were their families, and by what route would they find them? You may have wondered by now, “How do you know where the Battalion marched? A – The Mormon Battalion route has been studied and portions have been hiked before, but this will be the first complete reenactment of the Battalion’s march to California. Planned stops along the trail include Council Bluffs, Iowa; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; Santa Fe and Albuquerque, New Mexico; Tucson and Yuma, Arizona and San Diego, California. They are honored in San Diego history for their contributions in building up the town. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. Brigham Young said, “The Mormon Battalion will be held in honorable remembrance to the latest generation; and I will prophesy that the children of those who have been in the army, in defense of their country, will grow up and bless their fathers for what they did at that time.”[2] For me, the process of making this map has been a fulfillment of Brigham Young’s prophecy. For more in-depth information, we suggest using the online and mobile Interactive Maps detailed in … Henson realizes that such a trek requires a time commitment that many cannot make. During these discussions I learned that among the workers that constructed Sutter’s Mill were a number of veterans of the Mormon Battalion. The advanced training had to be learned between Nauvoo and Winter Quarters. The trek will begin on July 4, 2008, and is scheduled to end on Feb. 21, 2009. I am certainly not the family history consultant extraordinaire for the family, but I did recall that I had an ancestor who was a member of the Mormon Battalion. The Bay County Historical Society hosts an annual event along the Saginaw River called “The River of Time.” Reenactors from all time periods are invited – from archaic Indians, French voyageurs, Revolutionary War, Civil War, all the way up to the Gulf War. ... Auto Tour Route Driving Directions and Maps. The Battalion's 2,000 mile journey from Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, to San Diego, California, then the longest march by infantry in U.S. military history, traversed for a lengthy distance the Santa Fe Trail. • Blazed “Cooke’s Wagon Road” across the Southwest • Established the Southern Emigrant Trail to reach California gold country • Route used by Jackass Mail line, Butterfield Stagecoach Line, Southern Pacific Railroad Veterans of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. At its completion, Col. Cooke declared “we have discovered and … Including stopovers, the Battalion took 194 days to march approximately 2,000 miles to San Diego, one of the longest marches in U.S. military history. The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. Drive the Trail Ordering Maps. On 10 September, the Battalion met a group of messengers en route to Fort Leavenworth with the report that on 18 August Kearny, who had been promoted to general, had taken Santa Fe without firing a shot. The Mormon Battalion was formed in 1846, when President James K. Polk requested the Mormons raise a battalion of 500 men to march to California as part of the Army of the West in the impending war with Mexico. Historian Sherman L. Fleek provides several examples of marches that exceeded in distance the Mormon Battalion's march. They began their march to Fort Leavenworth on 21 July. July 20 is the 170th anniversary of the Battalion’s departure from Council Bluffs, Iowa. Please choose from the following two options: 1. He was not a Latter-day Saint, but many credit Cooke’s leadership with the fact that the lives of Battalion members were preserved in their difficult march across the desert. We will learn much, but that 1846 event stands alone in the annals of American history.”. One of the Mormon Battalion's greatest accomplishments was to open a southern wagon route to California. Jul 31, 2016 - Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California .. Anyone who is interested in doing the entire trek needs to contact Henson directly, as soon as possible. This part of the westward march was a learning period that greatly influenced Mormon history long afterward. Latter-day Saint men were mustered into service at Council Bluffs, Iowa, on July 16, 1846. March 2,000 miles through heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle. The Mormon Battalion In The Deserts of the Southwest. Mormon Battalion-era campers. To honor his memory, Henson decided to have a number of trekkers be more immersed in the experience, if they so choose. ACCOMPLISHMENTS/LEGACY OF THE MORMON BATTALION • Uniform allowance was donated to help finance the Mormon pioneer’s westward treks to Salt Lake valley. Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Temple Location Announced, Temple in Tooele Relocated and Renamed, President Joseph F. Smith on Finding Peace in Perilous Times, Has Orson Hyde’s Prayer Been Fulfilled? More than 6 months and 2,000 miles later complete with the heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle, they reached the Pacific Ocean. I wanted a map that would help others get to know and appreciate who those soldiers were, what they did, and how hard it was. Prior to their departure, Brigham Young had told them, “The Mormon Battalion will be held in honorable remembrance to the latest generation … As the Lord lives … you will never be forgotten … but you will be had in honorable remembrance forever and ever.”. If you can’t make it, there is another way. Sorenson, Stephen B. The Mormon Battalion March, 1846-47 By Stanley B. Kimball (July 1979 Ensign) (Route maps located at bottom) What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in Council Bluffs, Iowa. The Pouch of Gold story is true and I've seen, in person, the gold ring his wife wore. Cope, New Era, Jul 2009, https://www.lds.org/new-era/2009/07/marching-with-the-battalion?lang=eng. The Mormon Battalion, was the only religiously based infantry unit ever created by Presidential order.It consisted of nearly 500 men recruited exclusively from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the Mormons). The march also opened a southern wagon route to California, and veterans of the battalion played significant roles in the westward expansion of California, Utah, Arizona, and other parts of the West. David Glassett creates his maps through Peaceful Valley Maps (www.pvmaps.com). Contact the Park. Marker is on West Frontage Road (U.S. 85), on the left when traveling north. For the next five months until their discharge on July 16, 1847 in Los Angeles, the battalion trained and also performed occupation duties in several locations in southern California. They went in different directions and, along the way, discovered gold, blazed new routes into California, buried victims of the Donner Party, and proved themselves useful in incalculable ways. This part of the westward march was a learning period that greatly influenced Mormon history long afterward. I told him I was a cartographer by trade and I would love to make a map about the Battalion, especially one that the visitors’ center might be able to use. During its service, the battalion made a grueling mar… A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War 1846-1847. n. … This volunteer unit of about 550 Latter-day Saint men was commanded by regular U.S. Army officers. Some members were among the first few to later find gold at Sutter’s Mill. The Mormon Battalion, the only religiously based unit in United States military history, served from July 1846 to July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. In large measure they financed the move of the entire Church to the West in 1847-48, and hey became the seasoned veterans called on to colonize the Rocky Mountains once they had returned and gathered their families. What Is The Mormon Battalion Trek? See Fleek, History May Be Searched in Vain: A Military History of the Mormon Battalion (Spokane: Arthur H. Clark Company, 2006), 324–27. Click Here To 'Like' Meridian Magazine on Facebook, How social media fuels attacks on sacred spaces, Latter-day Saint Fiction: A Step Into Another Time, Elect Ladies: Why Moms Might Not Be Elected, Come, Follow Me for Individuals and Families: Joseph Smith—Matthew 1; Matthew 25; Mark 12–13; Luke 21, Photo Essay: Come with Young Joseph into the Sacred Grove, https://www.lds.org/new-era/2009/07/marching-with-the-battalion?lang=eng, Five Secrets the Book of Mormon Reveals about the Rise and Fall of Nations. Henson and his wife, Denny, who also will be making the trek, consider it an once-in-a-lifetime experience. “I decided to do it as a personal goal. The Mormon Battalion was the only religious unit in United States military history in federal service, having been recruited solely from one religious body and having a religious title as the unit designation. For example, including a color terrain depiction as part of the map really helped me feel the heat and rugged terrain over which they marched. It invites you to stop with them along the way and gather details through the narratives. The simplified map below indicates routes used by the Mormon Battalion and its detachments during the enlistment year; 16 July 1846 to 16 July 1847. Historic and route information will be available for a fee. There are many monuments scattered along the entire route but we are only concerned with the ones within Cochise County. Q – Why are you doing this? See more ideas about mormon battalion, mormon, battalion. Kevin Henson’s patrol of 11-year-old Boy Scouts, shown here in the “River of Time” reenactment. When approximately 330 people trudged into town on January 29, 1847, the locals certainly noticed. What most impressed the county historian about the Mormon workers was that after the discovery of gold, when thousands were flooding into California to seek their fortunes, a number these faithful brethren finished their contract with John Sutter and then continued their journey back to Utah to rejoin their wives and children, giving up what many would have considered the chance of a lifetime. Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California. Jul 31, 2014 - Explore Liz Van Roo's board "Mormon Battalion" on Pinterest. Why Did Moroni Quote Malachi about Elijah’s Coming? Henson decided to go through Tucson regardless of the Quorum … jul 31, 2014 - Explore Liz Van 's. With Mexico may have wondered by now, “ How do you know where the Battalion marched President the. The commander of the wishes of the West men were mustered on Thursday, July 16, 1846 donated... Parts of the Mormon Battalion longest infantry marches in us military history of the Battalion. 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